Madhya Pradesh (M.P.) – The heart of Incredible India

Seal-Logo-Emblem_of_Madhya_Pradesh madhya pradesh map with cities

सुख का दाता सब का साथी शुभ का यह संदेश है,

माँ की गोद, पिता का आश्रय मेरा मध्यप्रदेश है


  1. Madhya Pradesh at a glance
  2. Gallery
  3. History
  4. Major Cities
  5. Travel & Tourism
  6. Art & Culture
  7. Geography
  8. Education
  9. Sports
  10. Facts & Figures
  11. Others
  12. References & External links

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Madhya Pradesh at a Glance

1 State Capital City Bhopal Bhopal city is named after King Bhoj (BhojPal)
2  Largest City Indore
3 Historical Capital City Gwalior Gwalior was capital pre-independence
4 Location 22.42°N 72.54°E  See location and directions on Google Maps
5  Official Language  Hindi Other common dialects are Bagheli , Bundeli, Malwi, Nimari, Bhilai, Gondi
6 Area 308,252 km2 (119,017 sq mi) MP is the 2nd largest state of India
7 Population ( Census 2011) Total: 72,597,565 ( Urban: 20,059,666 ; Rural: 52,537,899) MP Ranks 6th in the country in population
 8 Major Regions Baghelkhand, Malwa, Nimar, Bundelkhand, Chambal and Mahakaushal
 9 Climate Extreme climate ( Hot in summer, cold in winter and usually good rain during rains)
 10 Occupations Farming is major occupation with about 70 % of working population depending upon farming Approx 150.75 lakh hectare of area falls under farming
12  State Animal  Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii / Swamp Deer)  barasingha
 13 State Bird Dudhraj Dudhraj
 14 State Fish Mahseer MP-State-Fish-Mahseer
 15 Flower Lily  MP State flower Lily
 16 State Tree Banyan (Ficus benghalensisBanyan_tree Banyan is also the National Tree
 17 State River Narmada  Narmada River near Jabalpur
 18  State Song सुख का दाता सब का साथी शुभ का यह संदेश है,माँ की गोद, पिता का आश्रय मेरा मध्यप्रदेश है |(Adopted on 1 November 2010)
 19 State Portal
 20 Important Contacts  Important administrative contacts district wise
 21 MP Tourism

Madhya Pradesh, literally “Central Province”), abbreviated MP, is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, the largest city is Indore and historical capital is Gwalior. Nicknamed the “heart of India” due to its geographical location in India, Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state in the country by area. With over 75 million inhabitants, it is the sixth largest state in India by population. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest.

The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avanti) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the major dynasties of India, including the Mauryans, the Mughals and the Marathas. By the early 18th century, the region was divided into several small kingdoms which were captured by the British and incorporated into Central Provinces and Berar and the Central India Agency. After India’s independence, Madhya Pradesh state was created with Nagpur as its capital: this state included the southern parts of the present-day Madhya Pradesh and north-eastern portion of today’s Maharashtra. In 1956, this state was reorganised and its parts were combined with the states ofMadhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal to form the new Madhya Pradesh state with Bhopal as its capital; the Marathi-speaking Vidarbharegion was removed and merged with the then Bombay State. This state was the largest state of India by area until 2000. In 2000, the Chhattisgarhregion was split to create a new state, and Rajasthan became the largest state of India.

Next >> History of Madhya Pradesh




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