Geography of India

  1. Introduction
  2. States and Cities
  3. Water Bodies
    • Rivers | Lakes | Oceans
  4. Plains , Mountains and Plateaus
  5. Climate and Seasons
  6. Natural Resources
  7. Flora and Fauna
  8. References and further reading
India Geographical1


Geography of India at a glance

Tiger 1024px

White_Marble_Rocks_at_Bhedaghat Narmada RiverNarmada River near JabalpurKhajuraho Dulhadeo Temple

peacock-National Bird of India2


Geographically, India is located in the South Asia and is the 7th largest country in the world in terms of Area(3,166,414 sq km or 1,222,559 sq mi) having 90 % land and 10 % water bodies.

Bound by the Great Himalayan Range in the north, it has Arabian Ocean on the west, Indian Ocean in South and Bay of Bengal in East.

Lying entirely in the northern hemisphere, the mainland extends between latitudes 8° 4′ and 37° 6′ north, longitudes 68° 7′ and 97° 25′ east and measures about 3,214 km from north to south between the extreme latitudes and about 2,933 km from east to west between the extreme longitudes. It has a land frontier of about 15,200 km. The total length of the coastline of the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands and Andaman & Nicobar Islands is 7,516.6 km.

India has very rich Geographical features, vast natural resources and widest varieties of Flora and Fauna including some of the rarest species of the world. Talking of geographical features, Himalayan range is the most prominent of all at it separates out India from the rest of the sub-continent protecting India from the cold winds coming down from Central Asia during winters. Mt. Everest is the highest peak in the world , K2 being the second highest.

India also has a couple of the longest rivers in the world  Ganga and Brahmputra , one of the largest deserts Thar, wetlands, Highlands and oceans on three sides. Overall, India has one of the richest ecosystem in the world.

India is also home to many of the rarest and magnificent species of herbs, animals (like White Tiger, Royal Bengal Tiger), Birds (magnificent and colorful Indian peacock), plants etc. Many of these will be discussed in detail:

Next: States of India

Suggested Reading: Natural Resources, Indian Flora and Fauna

References: ,

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