States and Union Territories of India

There are 29 States and 6 Union territories in the Union of  India as of June, 2014. Political map of India and a quick snapshot of all states and union territories of India is presented below in tabular form.

 Political Map of India – Click on a state to view its page

Political Map of India

MP

 

Below is the list of Indian States and Union Territories (UTs) arranged in the alphabetical order. Numbers on map above are mapped to below table.

Indian States with Capital, Area, ISO state Codes, population, language , literacy rate and sex ratio information

S.No State Code

Population

 Area  Languages  Capital  Largest City  Literacy Rate  Sex Ratio
1 Andhra Pradesh AP

84,665,533

275,045

English, Telugu,Urdu, Hyderabad

67.66

992

2 Arunachal Pradesh AR

1,382,611

83,743

English Itanagar

66.95

920

3 Assam AS

31,169,272

78,550

Assamese, Bengali;Regional: Bodo Dispur Guwahati

73.18

954

4 Bihar BR

103,804,637

99,200

Hindi, Magadhi,Maithili,Urdu Patna

63.82

916

5 Chhattisgarh CT

25,540,196

135,194

Chattisgarhi, Hindi Raipur

71.04

991

6 Goa GA

1,457,723

3,702

Konkani Panaji Vasco da Gama

87.40

968

7 Gujarat GJ

60,383,628

196,024

Gujarati Gandhinagar Ahmedabad

79.31

918

8 Haryana HR

25,353,081

44,212

Hindi,Haryanvi (regional) Chandigarh
(shared, Union Territory)
Faridabad

76.64

877

9 Himachal Pradesh HP

6,856,509

55,673

Hindi Shimla

83.78

920

10 Jammu and Kashmir JK

12,548,926

222,236

Dogri, Kashmiri Srinagar (summer)
Jammu (winter)

68.74

883

11 Jharkhand JH

32,966,238

74,677

Hindi Ranchi Jamshedpur

67.63

947

12 Karnataka KA

61,130,704

191,791

Kannada Bangalore

75.60

968

13 Kerala KL

33,387,677

38,863

Malayalam, English Thiruvananthapuram Ernakulam

93.91

1,084

14 Madhya Pradesh MP

72,597,565

308,252

Hindi Bhopal Indore

70.63

930

15 Maharashtra MH

112,372,972

307,713

Marathi Mumbai

82.91

925

16 Manipur MN

2,721,756

22,347

Manipuri Imphal

79.85

987

17 Meghalaya ML

2,964,007

22,720

English, Garo, Hindi,Khasi,Pnar, Shillong

75.48

986

18 Mizoram MZ

1,091,014

21,081

Mizo Aizawl

91.58

975

19 Nagaland NL

1,980,602

16,579

English Kohima Dimapur

80.11

931

20 Odisha (Orissa) OR

41,947,358

155,820

Oriya Bhubaneswar

73.45

978

21 Punjab PB

27,704,236

50,362

Punjabi Chandigarh
(shared, Union Territory)
Ludhiana

76.68

893

22 Rajasthan RJ

68,621,012

342,269

Hindi Jaipur

67.06

926

23 Sikkim SK

607,688

7,096

Nepali, Bhutia,
Gurung,
Lepcha,
Limbu,Manggar,Newari,
Sherpa,
Sunwar,
Tamang
Gangtok

82.20

889

24 Tamil Nadu TN

72,138,958

130,058

Tamil Chennai

80.33

995

25 Tripura TR

3,671,032

10,492

Bengali, Tripuri Agartala

87.75

961

26 Uttar Pradesh UP

199,581,477

243,286

Hindi, Urdu[6] Lucknow Kanpur

69.72

908

27 Uttarakhand UT

10,116,752

53,566

Hindi, Sanskrit Dehradun (interim)

79.63

963

28 West Bengal WB

91,347,736

88,752

Bengali, English Kolkata

77.08

947

29 Telangana

35,193,978

Telugu, Urdu Hyderabad

NA

NA

 

Union Territories

Map

Name

ISO 3166-2 code

Population

Official
language

Capital

Largest city

No. of Villages

No. of Towns

Population density

Literacy Rate(%)

Percentage of Urban Population to total Population

Sex Ratio

A Andaman and Nicobar Islands AN

379,944

English Port Blair

547

3

46

86.27

32.6

878

B Chandigarh CH

1,054,686

English, Hindi, Punjabi Chandigarh

24

1

9,252

86.43

89.8

818

C Dadra and Nagar Haveli DN

342,853

English, Gujarati, Hindi,Marathi Silvassa

70

2

698

77.65

22.9

775

D Daman and Diu DD

242,911

English, Gujarati, Hindi,Marathi Daman

23

2

2169

87.07

36.2

618

E Lakshadweep LD

64,429

English, Malayalam Kavaratti Andrott

24

3

2013

92.28

44.5

946

F National Capital Territory of Delhi DL

16,753,235

English, Hindi, Punjabi,Urdu Delhi

165

62

11,297

86.34

93.2

866

G Puducherry(Pondicherry) PY

1,244,464

French and Tamil; Regional: Malayalam, Telugu Pondicherry

92

6

2,598

86.55

66.6

1,038

When India became Independent, an exercise was carried out to abandon British Princely states and provinces and create states based on the language and ethnicity in 1956. Since then many new states have been created and some been merged in the chronology below:

  1. Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act.
  2. Nagaland was made a state on 1 December 1963.
  3.  The Punjab Reorganisation Act of 1966 divided the Punjab along linguistic lines, creating a new Hindi-speaking state of Haryana on 1 November, transferring the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh, and designatingChandigarh, the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana, a union territory.
  4. Statehood was conferred upon Himachal Pradesh on 25 January 1971, Manipur, Meghalaya andTripura on 21 January 1972 the Kingdom of Sikkim joined the Indian Union as a state on 26 April 1975.
  5.  In 1987, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram became states on 20 February, followed by Goa on 30 May, while Goa’s northern exclaves of Daman and Diu became a separate union territory.
  6. In 2000 three new states were created; Chhattisgarh (1 November 2000) was created out of eastern Madhya Pradesh, Uttaranchal (9 November 2000), which was renamed Uttarakhand in 2007, was created out of the Hilly regions of northwest Uttar Pradesh, and Jharkhand (15 November 2000) was created out of the southern districts of Bihar.

Courtsey: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/States_and_union_territories_of_India

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