You are browsing the archive for Arts in India.

by Bharat

Art and Culture of India – Unity in Diversity

August 28, 2013 in Arts, Culture

Art and Culture of India has attracted the world from the beginning of time and these two are major bonding elements which unite India, in spite of vast diversity observed by different regions, communities and people in general.

Culture of India

As we were discussing earlier, India has attracted the world for centuries. This is one primary reason for India having such a diverse culture. People from all over the globe came to India and settled here. The अतिथि देवो भवः (Guest is God like) culture held many other civilizations back here and they blended with original culture and civilization. For reading more on different civilizations that existed in India, please read History of India. Now, due to such vastness, varieties and depth in Indian Culture, its not possible to give it a single name or define in few words. We will discuss different aspects of Indian Culture below:

Festivals of India

Indian festivals are perhaps the most popular, diverse and celebrated culture of India. Each and every community and region in India has its own traditions and cultures, we will try to celebrate as much as possible 🙂

  • Festival
    Makarsankranti / Pongal
    Vasant Panchami
    Maha Shivaratri
    Holi
    Hindi New Year
    Telugu New Year / Ugadi
    Tamil New Year
    Baisakhi / Vishu
    Bengali New Year
    Ramanavami
    Hanuman Jayanti
    Akshaya Tritiya
    Savitri Pooja
    Puri Rath Yatra
    Guru Purnima
    Nag Panchami
    Raksha Bandhan
    Krishna Janmashtami
    Ganesh Chaturthi
    Onam
    Pitr-paksha Begins
    Pitr-paksha Ends
    Navaratri Begins
    Durga Puja Begins
    Navaratri Ends
    Dusshera
    Lakshmi Puja
    Karwa Chauth
    Dhan Teras
    Diwali
    Kartik Poornima

Diwali / Deepavali (दीवाली  / दीपावली ) – The Festival of Lights

Deepak

 

 

Diwali is the festival of lights which is  not only celebrated in India but also in Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Mauritius, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Suriname, Malaysia, Singapore and Fiji. The festival is a major Hindu festival but the whole India celebrates it with equal enthusiasm and warmth by lighting lamps all over their homes, shops and institutes. It is believed as per Hindu mythology that lord Shri Ram returned after his 14 years of exile with Sita nd Lakshman after defeating Ravan. To celebrate their return , the people of Ayodhya lit lamps all over the city. This became Tradition since then.

Meaning of Diwali: Diwali (दीवाली ) has been derived from Sanskrit word Deepavali (दीपावली ). Deep(दीप ) means lamp of clay filled with oil(like the one in picture on left) and Avali (आवलि ) means Row. So Deepavali means row of lamps. These lamps are kept on during the night and one’s house is cleaned, both done in order to make the goddess Lakshmi feel welcome. Firecrackers are burst because it is believed that it drives away evil spirits.During Diwali, all the celebrants wear new clothes and share sweets and snacks with family members and friends.

In most of the Indian regions , Diwali is a 5 day festival which starts on Dhanteras, celebrated on the thirteenth lunar day of Krishna paksha (dark fortnight) of the Hindu calendar month Ashwin and ends on Bhaubeej, celebrated on second lunar day of Shukla paksha (bright fortnight) of the Hindu calendar month Kartik. Dhanteras usually falls eighteen days after Dussehra. In the Gregorian calendar, Diwali falls between mid-October and mid-November.

The festival starts with Dhanteras on which most Indian business communities begin their financial year. The second day of the festival is called theNaraka Chaturdasi. Amavasya, the third day of Diwali, marks the worship of Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth. The fourth day of Diwali is known as Kartika Shudda Padyami. The fifth day is referred to as Yama Dvitiya (also called Bhai Dooj), and on this day sisters invite their brothers to their homes.

by Bharat

Jana Gana Mana – National Anthem of India

July 28, 2013 in Arts, literature

Jana Gana Mana  is the national anthem of India. Written in Sanskrit Bengali, it is the first of five stanzas of a Brahmo hymncomposed and scored by Rabindranath Tagore. It was first sung in Calcutta(now Kolkata) Session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December 1911. “Jana Gana Mana” was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on 24 January 1950.

Officially and formally, the national anthem should be rendered in 52 seconds and it is mandatory to be standing when the National Anthem is being played.

National Anthem in Hindi:

जन-गण-मन अधिनायक जय हे, भारत-भाग्य-विधाता ।

पंजाब सिंध गुजरात मराठा, द्राविड़ उत्कल बंग ।

विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा, उच्छल जलधि तरंग ।

तव शुभ नामे जागे, तव शुभ आशिष माँगे; गाहे तव जय गाथा ।

जन-गण मंगलदायक जय हे, भारत-भाग्य-विधाता ।

जय हे, जय हे, जय हे, जय जय जय, जय हे ।।

 

The following translation (edited in 1950 to replace Sindh with Sindhu as Sindh after partition was allocated to Pakistan), attributed to Tagore, is provided by the Government of India’s national portal:

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people, Dispenser of India’s destiny. Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sindh province/Sindh, Gujarat and Maratha, Of the Dravida and Odisha and Bengal; It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas, mingles in the music of Yamuna and Ganga and is chanted by the waves of the Indian Ocean. They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise. The saving of all people waits in thy hand, Thou dispenser of India’s destiny. Victory, victory, victory to thee.

The below video is an actual version of National Anthem sung in 52 seconds with Hindi subtitles. There are many other more artistic and musical versions available on the internet.

Sources: Visit Acknowledgement section