The Introduction to India
India, officially the Republic of India, name has been derived from Indus (meaning Hindu in old Persian language, which in turn was derived from Sanskrit word Sindhu). Indus Valley civilization is among the first known civilizations to the mankind which existed and flourished. India is also known as Bharat (named after King Bharat ) or Hindustan ([ɦɪnd̪ʊˈst̪aːn] ( listen)) which meaning ‘Land of Hindus’ by etymology, although India is a officially a secular country and home to at least 6 other religions out of which 4 have originated from India itself.
India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, spanning a period of more than 4000 years, and witnessing the fusion of several customs and traditions, which are reflective of the rich culture and heritage of the Country.
Geographically, India is guarded by the great range of Himalayas in the north, Thar desert in the west, Arabian sea in north-west, Indian Ocean in the south and Bay of Bengal in the north-east. India also shares its international boundaries with Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China and international waters with Sri Lanka, Thailand , Maldives and Indonesia. Sri Lanka is considered to be part of India in the Epic Indian Hindu mythology Ramayana.
Below is some more information about India at a glance:
|Official Name of India||Republic of India; Bharat (pronounced [ˈbʱaːrət̪] ( listen)) Ganrajya||Area:1,269,219 sq mi / 3,287,263 km2
|National Capital of India||New Delhi, Delhi||Location: 28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E|
|Indian Independence Day||15th August, 1947||Freedom from British rule|
|Indian Republic Day||26th January, 1950|
|Official Language of India||Hindi (in Devanagari Script) ; English||There is no National Language of India|
|Indian GDP(PPP), 2012||Total : $4.711 trillion ; Per Capita : $3,851||3rd biggest country by PPP GDP|
|Indian Currency|| Indian rupee () (
|Time Zone||Indian Standard Time (IST) (UTC + 5:30)|
|Country Calling Code||+91|
|ISO 3166 code||IN|
|National Anthem||Jana Gana Mana (Jana Gana Mana (Instrumental))||Meaning: “Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People”|
|National Song||Vande Mataram (Vande Mataram)||Meaning: “I Bow to Thee, Mother”|
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