Explore India – History, Art, Culture, Economy, Natural Beauty

  1. Introduction
  2. History of India
  3. Geography of India
  4. Indian Economy
  5. Art and Culture
  6. Education
  7. Military and Defense
  8. Travel and Tourism
  9. Science and Technology
  10. References, further reading and Acknowledgements

 The Introduction to India

Indian Flag – The Tricolor
Indian Flag
Indian Emblem- Truth Alone Triumphs Indian Emblem

 

 

 

 

 

India, officially the Republic of India, name has been derived from Indus (meaning Hindu in old Persian language, which in turn was derived from Sanskrit word Sindhu). Indus Valley civilization is among the first known civilizations to the mankind which existed and flourished. India is also known as Bharat (named after King Bharat ) or Hindustan ([ɦɪnd̪ʊˈst̪aːn] ( listen)which meaning ‘Land of Hindus’ by etymology, although India is a officially a secular country and home to at least 6 other religions out of which 4 have originated from India itself.

India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, spanning a period of more than 4000 years, and witnessing the fusion of several customs and traditions, which are reflective of the rich culture and heritage of the Country.
Geographically, India is guarded by the great range of Himalayas in the north, Thar desert in the west, Arabian sea in north-west, Indian Ocean in the south and Bay of Bengal in the north-east. India also shares its international boundaries with Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China and international waters with Sri Lanka, Thailand , Maldives and Indonesia. Sri Lanka is considered to be part of India in the Epic Indian Hindu mythology Ramayana.

Below is some more information about India at a glance:

Official Name of India Republic of India; Bharat (pronounced [ˈbʱaːrət̪] ( listen)) Ganrajya Area:1,269,219 sq mi / 3,287,263 km2
 National Capital of India  New Delhi, Delhi  Location: 28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E
Indian Independence Day 15th August, 1947 Freedom from British rule
Indian Republic Day 26th January, 1950  
 Official Language of India  Hindi (in Devanagari Script) ; English  There is no National Language of India
 Indian GDP(PPP), 2012  Total : $4.711 trillion ; Per Capita : $3,851 3rd biggest country by PPP GDP 
 Indian Currency  Indian rupee (INR) (INR)  
 Time Zone  Indian Standard Time (IST) (UTC + 5:30)  
 Country Calling Code  +91  
 ISO 3166 code  IN  
 National Anthem  Jana Gana Mana (Jana Gana Mana (Instrumental)) Meaning: “Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People”
 National Song  Vande Mataram (Vande Mataram)  Meaning: “I Bow to Thee, Mother”

Next >> Indian History

Also read: National Symbols of India , History of India

Sources:National Portal of India , Wikipedia

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